The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have unquestionably been highly successful in bolstering governments’ commitment to poverty reduction, achieving basic education and health, promoting gender equality and environmental sustainability, and bridging the gaps in human development. In spite of this progress, globalized education is still a requisite and the primary tool in achieving the Post-2015 Global Development Agenda – the continuation of the effort to achieve prosperity, equity, freedom, dignity, peace, and respect in a world of cultural and linguistic diversity after 2015.
The complexity of today’s globalized world has made development challenges interlinked. Peace cannot be achieved, and prosperity cannot be sustained without finding unified, common and general solutions and without all nations contributing unanimously and with a sense of shared responsibility. The Millennium Development Goals, which the Post-2015 Development Agenda will succeed at the end of 2015 (United Nation’s 70th Anniversary), has framed sustainable development as a universal project. The post-2015 development agenda includes issues that are of common concern to all and pose challenges at national levels. Moreover, they define objectives to be achieved at the global level.
Before we delve deeper into the role of globalized education in achieving the post-2015 agenda, it will be apposite to have a proper understanding of the concepts that underpin the subject. Suffice it to say that education is both essential and indispensable for sustainable development. Globalized education fuels sustainable development as nations seek to transform their visions for the world into reality.
“Globalization,” as observed by Chang, “is the integration of national economies, culture, social life, technology, education, and politics. It is the movement of people, ideas, and technology from place to place.” Globalization affects all facets of life universally, scientifically, and technologically. Its effects are felt in the world’s culture, economy, environmental, social, and human disciplines. In its broadest sense, globalization refers to the intensification of worldwide social relations, which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.
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Education has been recognized as a fundamental human right for more than half a century now. It is the endless process of bringing up people to know themselves, their environment, and how they can use their abilities and talents to contribute to the development of their society. Education improves the mind of the student for ethical conduct, good governance, liberty, life, and rebirth of the society the student finds himself in. Education, as an agent of change, empowers its recipient to be creative. It is a form of learning in which a group of people’s knowledge, skills, and habits are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, and research. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks feels, or acts may be considered educational.
Converse to the traditional way of teaching and learning, globalized education means adopting a universal, scientific, technological, and more holistic approach to education to prepare and equip our young ones appropriately for sustainable development and creating a peaceful and better world for this generation and posterity. Globalized education allows every child to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values to shape a sustainable future. It is, however, not culturally, religiously, or geographically myopic. It is not racial or given to prejudice. In globalized education, schools do not function in isolation; they integrate with the world outside and expose students to different people and cultures, giving them the opportunity to appreciate cultural differences and what the planet offers while respecting the need to preserve their culture and the natural and human resources that abound.
The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a process led by the United Nations (UN) that aims to help define the future development framework that will succeed the Millennium Development Goals. The recent UN development agenda is centered on the Millennium Development Goals that were officially established following the Millennium summit of the UN in 2000.