Spears were anywhere because spears do the job.
It’s not just because they’re easy, be it a typical pointy stick or an elaborately crafted and weighted one. And it’s not only since they were fairly inexpensive, compared to other weapons that could be mass-produced at the time.
For the swordsman to have a chance at the spearman, he should be incredibly swift. However, even speed may not be enough. As Lloyd mentions, the head of the spear can swing very, very quickly itself. There is very little chance of a swordsman closing against an eight-footany kind of range– and bear in mind; this is not a specialist spearman. In the hands of an expert, there is even much less possibility that the sword will hit its mark.
The spear is the primary weapon of the warriors of Homer’s Iliad. Using both a single propelling spear and 2 tossing spears are mentioned. It has been suggested that two styles of combat are being explained; an early method, with thrusting spears, dating to the Mycenaean period in which the Iliad is set, and, anachronistically, a later method, with tossing spears, from Homer’s own Archaic duration.
In the 7th century BCE, the Greeks evolved a new close-order infantry formation, the phalanx. The secret to this formation was the hoplite, which was furnished with a huge, circular, bronze-faced shield (aspis) and a 7– 9 feet (2.1– 2.7 m) spear with an iron head and bronze butt-spike (doru). The hoplite phalanx controlled warfare among the Greek City-States from the 7th into the fourth century BCE.
The fourth-century saw significant adjustments. One was the higher use of peltasts, light infantry equipped with spears and javelins. The other was the development of the sarissa, a two-handed pike 18 feet (5.5 m) in size, by the Macedonians under Phillip of Macedon and Alexander the Great. The pike phalanx, sustained by peltasts and cavalry, ended up being the dominant mode of war among the Greeks from the late fourth century onward till the Roman legions supplanted greek military systems.
In the early Shang, Mao appeared to have a relatively brief shaft and a reasonably slim shaft rather than Mao in the later Shang and Western Zhou duration. Some Mao from this age is heavily decorated, as is confirmed by a Warring States duration Mao from the Ba Shu region.
In the Han empire, Mao and Ji (戟 Ji can be loosely defined as a halberd) climbed to notability in the military. Fascinating to note is that the quantity of iron Mao-heads found surpasses the number of bronze heads. By the end of the Han empire (Eastern Han), the substitute for the iron Mao had been completed, and the bronze Mao had been left entirely outdated.